Cappadocia, Blue Tour
Tour departs at 9.30 and you will be collected from your hotel prior to departure time. The first stop is the famous ‘Three Beauties of Urgup’, where you can see the mushroom-shaped rock formations and a panorama of the city of Urgup. The magnificent landscape of Cappadocia has been formed from solidified lava streams, ash and tuff stone from volcanic eruptions millions of years ago. The landscape you can see now is the result of thousands of years of continual erosion, which has shaped the tuff deposits into the strangest pyramids and cones. The guide gives you information about how the landscape was formed and the history of Cappadocia.
The next stop is in Mustafapasa, which was originally known as Sinasos, an old village where Turks and Greeks lived side by side and where old Greek stone houses can still be seen. The Greeks left the village during the exchange of populations in 1923 agreed in the Treaty of Lausanne, and many of the houses have been abandoned since then or later turned into hotels.
After that you drive through Taşkınpaşa which has some of the best examples of Seljuk architecture in the district. The village houses follow the traditional plan, with stables on the ground floor to keep the upper floor rooms warm. There was also a ‘medrese’, an Islamic theological college there, but to this day only the impressive-looking doorway has been preserved.
Then you visit Sobessos, a recently discovered archaeological site from the Roman era, located near Sahinefendi village. A large meeting hall with beautiful mosaics has been excavated. The site also contains a Roman bath with a well-preserved underfloor heating system.
Sobessos is located in the southeast of Cappadocia near Sahinefendi village. It was found by a group of people by chance. Following searches and excavations showed us that this is an ancient city built in 4th century A.D. The excavations in Sobessos, overseen by the Ministry of Culture, will shed light on a previously unknown part of Cappadocian history.
The chapel is located on the upper floor of the meeting hall and is near the east room. It was coarsely built with materials that were supplied from the main hall. According to the coin that was found during the excavation, the chapel dates back to the middle of 6th century.
Next you drive through Sahinefendi Village, where you can observe typical local villagers doing their daily chores, dressed in traditional national costumes. You can also see the huge storage caves in the surronding hills where fruit and vegetables are stored.
The tour then takes a short walk in Soganli valley, where there are many different churches with reasonably well preserved frescoes dating from the 10th to the 13th centuries. If you wish, you can also buy the most famous local souvenir, traditionally made by the village women, the Soganli doll from here. At the end of the valley you have lunch in a local restaurant.
The next stop is in Derinkuyu Underground City, the deepest underground city in the area, which is approximately 85 meters deep and has 8 levels. These troglodyte cave-cities were excavated as early as Hittite times, and expanded over the centuries as various marauding armies traversed Central Anatolia in search of captives and plunder. There are 36 underground cities in Cappadocia and the deepest one is Derinkuyu underground city.